There are a lot more of us working from than ever before. So, can you claim all or some of the additional costs off your tax? There are 3 options for claiming working from home expenses. The question of whether it’s all or some depends on the method chosen.

First, employees working from home can calculate the deduction by using a fixed rate. This is set at 80 cents for each hour worked at home – the ATO calls this the “shortcut method”. It was introduced as a result of the large number of people working from home due to COVID-19.

Second, prior to the shortcut method being announced, the fixed rate was 52 cents for each hour worked at home. This can still be used.

The third option is where all the actual costs are recorded and apportioned on the basis of the work-related proportion. It for largely used by people who have a home office, eg a doctor’s consulting rooms within a private residence – so we won’t focus on it now. However, please contact us if you think it may apply to you.

The 80-cent rate is simple and easy. To qualify, a taxpayer must be working from home and must incur additional running expenses. For example, if a home computer had only ever been used for private purposes and is now being used to fulfil employment duties or in running a business, it would be an additional running expense. The ATO states that minimal tasks such as occasionally checking email or taking calls while at home will not qualify as working from home. The work must be “substantive “.

The 80-cent rate covers all additional running expenses, including electricity and gas, cleaning, phone and internet. If this method is used, no other work from home expenses can be claimed.

Taxpayers do not need to have a dedicated area to use the 80-cent rate. So, you can put the computer on the kitchen table, work away and claim the deduction.

However, taxpayers will need to keep a record of the hours they have worked at home, which can be in the form of a diary (or timesheets, rosters etc).

The 52-cent rate method also applies to what the ATO terms “running costs”. It is 52 cents for each hour worked at home and is intended to cover the expenses such as electricity and gas, and the cost of repairs to home office equipment, furniture and furnishings.

However, it is more important to know what the 52-cent rate does not cover. It excludes things like phone and internet, computer consumables and stationery and depreciation for items like phones, computers and laptops.

If you want to claim for these expenses (like a new laptop), then you need to calculate their work-related use separately. This requires diaries, receipts, detailed phone accounts etc, but can give you a bigger deduction. To use the 52-cent rate, taxpayers must have a “dedicated work area”, such as a home office.